CBD Glossary

Terms you may want to know!

Adaptogen: A substance, like CBD, that may help the body adapt to stress and maintain balance.

Bioavailability: The extent and rate at which a substance, in this case, CBD, enters the bloodstream and produces an effect after being introduced to the body.

Broad-Spectrum CBD: CBD products that contain a variety of cannabinoids, excluding THC. It retains other beneficial compounds found in full-spectrum CBD.

Cannabigerol (CBG): Another non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. CBG is often referred to as the “mother cannabinoid” because it is a precursor to other cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids: Chemical compounds found in cannabis plants. CBD and THC are the most well-known cannabinoids.

Cannabis Hybrid: A cannabis plant bred from different strains to combine specific characteristics, such as the cannabinoids and terpenes present.

Cannabis Sativa: One of the three primary species of the cannabis plant. Hemp and marijuana are varieties of Cannabis sativa.

Cannabis Sativa vs. Cannabis Indica: Two primary species of cannabis. Sativa strains are often associated with energizing effects, while Indica strains are linked to relaxation.

Cannabis Testing Laboratory: Facilities that analyze cannabis products for potency, purity, and safety, providing Certificates of Analysis (COAs).

Cannabis-Infused Beverages: Drinks containing CBD or THC, offering an alternative method of consumption.

Certificate of Analysis (COA): A document provided by a third-party testing facility that verifies the cannabinoid content and purity of a CBD product.

CBD (Cannabidiol): This is a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. It’s a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant known for its potential therapeutic benefits.

CBD Distillate: A refined form of CBD oil that has undergone additional processing to remove impurities and isolate specific cannabinoids.

CBD Flower: The dried and cured flower buds of the hemp plant, often used for smoking or vaporizing. It contains CBD and other cannabinoids.

CBD Isolate: Pure CBD with no other cannabinoids or compounds. It is often in crystalline form.

CO2 Extraction: A method of extracting cannabinoids and other compounds from the cannabis plant using carbon dioxide as a solvent. It is considered a safe and efficient extraction method.

Cross-Breeding: The deliberate mating of two different cannabis plants to produce offspring with specific characteristics.

Cross-Tolerance: A phenomenon where tolerance to one substance, like THC, can result in tolerance to another, such as CBD.

Dabbing: A method of consuming CBD concentrates by vaporizing them with a hot surface and inhaling the resulting vapor.

Decarboxylation: A process in which cannabinoids are heated to activate their therapeutic properties. For example, raw cannabis contains THCA and CBDA, which are converted to THC and CBD through decarboxylation.

Dosage: The amount of CBD or other cannabinoids consumed in a given period. It varies based on the individual, product, and desired effects.

Edibles: CBD-infused food products, such as gummies or chocolates.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS): A complex cell-signaling system in the body that plays a role in regulating various physiological processes, including mood, appetite, and sleep. CBD interacts with the ECS.

Entourage Effect: The idea that cannabinoids and other compounds in cannabis work together synergistically, enhancing the therapeutic effects of each other when consumed together.

Ethanol Extraction: A method of extracting cannabinoids using ethanol (alcohol) as a solvent. It is known for its ability to capture a broad range of compounds.

FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration): The regulatory body responsible for overseeing food, dietary supplements, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics, including some aspects of CBD regulation in the United States.

First-Pass Metabolism: The initial metabolism of a substance by the liver before it enters the bloodstream. It can affect the bioavailability of CBD.

Full-Spectrum CBD: CBD products that contain a range of cannabinoids, including a small amount of THC (less than 0.3%), along with other beneficial compounds such as terpenes and flavonoids.

Genotype: The genetic makeup of an organism, including the specific genes responsible for cannabinoid production in cannabis plants.

Hemp: A variety of the cannabis plant that is low in THC (less than 0.3%) and high in CBD. It is legally distinct from marijuana.

Hemp Extract: A broad term referring to any extract from the hemp plant, including CBD oil, that contains a variety of compounds.

Hemp Seed Oil: Oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant, which does not contain significant amounts of cannabinoids. Sometimes confused with CBD oil.

Homeostasis: The body’s ability to maintain internal stability and balance despite external changes.

Isomer: A compound with the same molecular formula as another compound but with a different arrangement of atoms. In the context of CBD, this may refer to different forms, such as CBDv (cannabidivarin).

Marijuana: A variety of the cannabis plant that is high in THC and can induce psychoactive effects.

Microdosing: The practice of consuming small, controlled amounts of CBD throughout the day to maintain a consistent level in the body without experiencing the full effects.

Minor Cannabinoids: Cannabinoids other than CBD and THC, including CBG, CBN, and CBC, which may contribute to the entourage effect.

Neuroprotective: Refers to the potential of CBD to protect the nervous system from damage and degeneration.

Phytocannabinoids: Cannabinoids produced by plants, such as those found in the cannabis plant. CBD and THC are examples of phytocannabinoids.

Pre-roll: A pre-rolled CBD joint or cigarette, offering a convenient way to consume CBD flower.

Regulatory Compliance: Adherence to local, state, and federal regulations governing the cultivation, processing, and sale of CBD products.

Solvent Extraction: A method of extracting cannabinoids using solvents like ethanol or butane. It’s essential to ensure thorough solvent removal from the final product.

Spectrums of CBD: Refers to the range of cannabinoids present in a CBD product. Full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate are examples.

Sublingual: Refers to the method of administering CBD oil or tincture by placing it under the tongue, allowing for faster absorption into the bloodstream.

Synthetic Cannabinoids: Lab-created compounds designed to mimic the effects of natural cannabinoids.